bacteriophage

= phage; n.
a virus that attacks bacteria. In general, a phage consists of a head, tail, and tail fibres, all composed of protein molecules, and a core of DNA. The tail and tail fibres are responsible for attachment to the bacterial surface and for injection of the DNA core into the host cell. The phage grows and replicates in the bacterial cell, which is eventually destroyed with the release of new phages. Each phage acts specifically against a particular species of bacterium. This is utilized in phage typing, a technique of identifying bacteria by the action of known phages on them.
See also: lysogeny

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  • Bacteriophage — Bactériophage Un bactériophage (ou phage) est un virus n infectant que des bactéries. En grec, phageton signifie nourriture/consommation. On les appelle également virus bactériens. Ce sont des outils fondamentaux de recherche et d étude en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • bacteriophage — acteriophage n. sing. & pl. a virus which infects bacteria; also colloquially called {phage} in laboratory jargon. Note: Bacteriophages are of many varieties, generally specific for one or a narrow range of bacterial species, and almost every… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bactériophage — [ bakterjɔfaʒ ] n. m. • 1918; de bactério et phage ♦ Biol. Virus à A. R. N. ou A. D. N. qui infecte des bactéries et provoque leur lyse. ⇒ phage. Adj. Des virus bactériophages. ● bactériophage nom masculin Virus infectant exclusivement les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • bacteriophage — 1921, from Fr. bactériophage (1917), from bacterio , comb. form of BACTERIA (Cf. bacteria) + phage (see PHAGOUS (Cf. phagous)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • bacteriophage — bacteriophage. См. фаги. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • bacteriophage —  Bacteriophage  (Phage)  Бактериофаг (фаг)   Вирус, избирательно поражающий бактериальные клетки. Были первыми организмами, использовавшимися для исследований в области молекулярной генетики, а в настоящее время широко применяются в качестве… …   Толковый англо-русский словарь по нанотехнологии. - М.

  • bacteriophage — [bak tir′ē ə fāj΄] n. [ BACTERIO + PHAGE] any virus that infects bacteria …   English World dictionary

  • Bacteriophage — This article is about a biological infectious particle; for other uses, see phage (disambiguation). A bacteriophage (from bacteria and Greek φάγειν phagein to eat ) is any one of a number of viruses that infect bacteria. The term is commonly used …   Wikipedia

  • bacteriophage — bacteriophagic /bak tear ee euh faj ik, fay jik/, bacteriophagous /bak tear ee of euh geuhs/, adj. bacteriophagy /bak tear ee of euh jee/, n. /bak tear ee euh fayj /, n. any of a group of viruses that infect specific bacteria, usually causing… …   Universalium

  • Bactériophage — Cet article possède un paronyme, voir : FAGE. Un bactériophage (ou phage) est un virus n infectant que des bactéries. En grec, phageton signifie nourriture/consommation. On les appelle également virus bactériens. Ce sont des outils… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bactériophage T5 — Le bactériophage T5 est un virus caudé appartenant à la famille des Syphoviridae. Il possède donc une queue longue non contractile. C est un phage lytique qui infecte Escherichia coli. Il est constitué d’une capside icosaédrique contenant son… …   Wikipédia en Français

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